instrument rating

instrument rating

Instrument Rating

An instrument rating allows the title holder to pilot an aircraft without visual reference to ground. We definitely recommend this for pilots intending to get a Comercial licence, as you will be expected to fly at specific times, and not always in VFR (visual flight rules) conditions. Additionally, if you simply wish to remain a Private pilot, but wish to be less restricted by weather conditions, this licence extension will definitely come in handy.

Ground School

Canadian rules don’t specify a specific number of hours spent in theory classes before the theoretical exam, nevertheless, the student must eventually pass the Transport Canada written exam with a grade of 70% or higher. The exam covers Air Law, IFR procedures, Meteorology, Instruments, Radio Systems, Radar, and Navigation.

IFR Practical Training

Canadian Law Requires 40 hours dual IFR flight training and requires a cross country trip of at least 150 miles with at least two instrument approaches. Your training will include IFR takeoffs and Landings, Holding patterns using NDB, VOR, and DME, precision approaches, non precision approaches (NDB, VOR) approaches in controlled and uncontrolled airspace, simulated in-flight emergency (equipment and engine failure) and finally IFR flight planning (weather, plan, route).

Obtaining your Rating

The candidate must pass the Transport Canada theory exam with a mark of at least 70%, before taking the practical test with a Transport Canada examiner. The practical flight must be passed with a mark of at least 60%.


This rating permits a pilot to fly without visual reference to ground, assuming the pilot has filed an IFR flight plan This rating is one of the minimum requirements to be hired on a commercial basis by an airline company.

This rating permits a pilot to take off and land at airports while they are below VFR minimum requirements. It permits you to perform an instrument approach at an airport not currently visible. Additionally, you can fly above, in, or between cloud layers. IFR flights can be during the day or at night.


Learn about our hourly rates for planes, instructors, and available training programs

cloudy sky. IFR